The role of mountains in supporting the world’s food systems by providing up to 80% of the global fresh water should be recognized. Actionable commitments should be taken to protect mountains as the “water towers of the world”, promote their adaptation to climate change, and recognize their role in ensuring food security.
Commitments to action
Goverment of Tanzania, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
Rationale of the pathway
Productivity of food crops including cereals and grain legumes particularly in semi-arid dryland areas is about a ton per hectare. The yield gaps in terms of current versus potential levels are high – up to 4 tons per hectare in cereals. In vast areas farming still involve unsustainable slash-and-burn practices. Productivity of agricultural land in most areas is limited by limited use of appropriate fertilizers, land degradation, and soil health problems. Likewise, livestock productivity levels in terms of weight gains, production of milk and eggs are low. Unsustainable fishing practices such as using unallowable gears in both marine and freshwaters still exist. Production failures mainly due to droughts and outbreaks of pests and diseases are not uncommon–and are exacerbated by climate change. Thus, upgrading the productivity of crops, livestock and fisheries is critical for sustainable food systems in the country by 2030.
Concretize investment in locally adaptive innovation and access to affordable technologies and digitalization; ensuring equitable access to land and water use; increase Investment in infrastructures (irrigation, rural roads, fishing gears, and storage and processing); increase public-private investment in local seeds, s***n, animal breeds, and fingerlings production; expansion of access to extension services; strengthening producers skills and creativity; diversified production; diseases and paste management practices, promote precision and climate-smart agriculture.
Advance Equitable Livelihoods, Decent Work, & Empowered Communities
United of Republic of Tanzania
This initiative was mainly established to help farms people of Nigeria especially of Jigawa State in such to come up with a kind of empowerment to people especially farms that was been affected by COVID-19. People were suffering hardly because of the effect of COVID-19 on their economic income, their economics has been corrupted. People were in hunger, families can’t sustain their members with 3 meals per day.
Creating shared prosperity through inclusive and sustainable industrial development is one of the strategic priorities of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. UNIDO works to advance the economic transformation of countries, improve employment and income opportunities, and reinforce sustainable livelihoods.
There are ~500M small scale and family farmers globally, ~80% of the food consumed in Asia and Sub Saharan Africa is produced by these farmers. They, therefore, play a key role in the food system transitions in developing economies and local food systems and can be considered as real ‘change agents’.
Well-designed and carefully implemented social protection programmes are among the most cost-effective development interventions and an important solution to reaching multiple objectives simultaneously, in alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).