Solution Cluster

Sustainable Livestock

The Need

“For millennia, livestock farming[1]For the purpose of this solution cluster we classify all domesticated mammal and poultry species as livestock has provided food, clothing, power, manure and income and acted as assets, collateral and status. In 2018, there was a global stock of 38.9 billion farmed land animals[2]FAOSTAT 2018, (retrieved on 22 June 2021) current stock: poultry: 32.9 bn; cattle ruminants: 1.8 bn; small ruminants: 2.6 bn:; pigs and other: 1.6 bn. This has created an unprecedented challenge: on one side, the need to increase the availability of livestock derived foods to satisfy the unmet nutritional requirements of an estimated 3 billion people[3]FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. 2020. In Brief to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020. Transforming food systems for affordable healthy diets. Rome, FAO, and contribute to reducing stunting, wasting and anaemia[4]Iannotti, L., et al. 2021. Livestock-derived foods and sustainable healthy diets. Rome, Italy: UN Nutrition Secretariat.. On the other side, many methods and scale of livestock production systems around the world present severe tests to stay within the safe operating zone of planetary boundaries[5]Mo Li et al, 2021. The role of planetary boundaries in assessing absolute environmental sustainability across scales, Environment International 152: 106475. This is especially with regards to biodiversity, climate change, biochemical flows[6]Bowles, N., Alexander, S. and Hadjikakou, M., 2019. The livestock sector and planetary boundaries: A ‘limits to growth’ perspective with dietary implications. Ecological Economics, 160, pp.128-136 and ensuring healthy levels of intake of meat[7]Food Systems Summit Action Track 2 Scientific Group Paper. Shift to Healthy and Sustainable Consumption Patterns. Available at: https://sc-fss2021.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Action_Track_2_paper_Shift_to_Healthy_Consumption.pdf, eggs and dairy across all populations as well as good science-based animal health and welfare within the One Health framework. A re-balancing of consumption may be beneficial in populations of high livestock product intake. With strong population growth concentrated mostly among the socioeconomically vulnerable populations in the world, the sustainability[8]UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s definition of sustainability: A sustainable food system (SFS) is a food system that delivers food security and nutrition for all in such a way that the economic, social and environmental bases to generate food security and nutrition for future generations are not compromised. This means that: – It is profitable throughout (economic sustainability); – It has broad-based benefits for society (social sustainability); and – It has a positive or neutral impact on the natural environment (environmental sustainability).  http://www.fao.org/3/ca2079en/CA2079EN.pdf challenge grows exponentially and solving it is more urgent than ever before.”

Game Changing Propositions in this Solution Cluster

Sustainable Livestock Cluster Paper A: Fast Scaling of Best Practices, Technology and Management

Sustainable Livestock Cluster Paper B: Grazing for Soil, Climate and People

Sustainable Livestock Cluster Paper C: Aligning Production and Consumption